The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Summit was held in Samarkand, Uzbekistan. It was founded in 2001 by six countries led by China and Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan, with India and Pakistan joining in 2017. It is a consultative forum on political, economic, security, cultural, and other issues. The conference attracted a great deal of attention from Europe, including a summit meeting between Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin. The conference was held in Fariza's home country of Uzbekistan, so she explains the conference from the perspective of Uzbekistan, whose political position is becoming stronger.
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